Making a fire from scratch without the use of lighter fluid or matches is an essential survival skill. A good survivalist is one who has mastered the art of making a fire since you never know what nature may throw at you.
You could find yourself bearing the elements, and fire could be your only hope for survival.
We had earlier seen how to start a fire with wet wood.
Now, let’s take a look at how to go about learning this skill that has probably had the most significant impact on the course of human history; without it, life on this planet would have taken a very different course.
The following are the best way to get a fire started and
1. The hand drill method
Probably one of the most primitive and hardest methods to get a fire started. It would be best if you were determined and possess resolute hands.
The procedure to light a fire through the hand drill method is as follows:
- Get some tinder. Tinder is any material that is likely to burst into flames from a spark; this may include dry grass and leaves.
- Get a fireboard and make an angular notch.
- Place the tinder on the angular V-shaped depression on the fireboard.
- Find a shaft and place is perpendicular to the fireboard, such that its tip is on the notch.
- Keep your weight on the fireboard and start spinning, slowly at first but accelerating the pace gradually. Do this until ember appears.
- When the tinder nest lights up, please make efforts to blow so that it doesn’t die down and quickly assemble small sticks over it, making sure you leave room for the fire to breathe.
- Blow into it until the flames are up and going.
2. The fire plow method
- Take a fireboard and cut a notch at one of its edges and place some tinder nest.
- Use a shaft to rub steadily on the notch. Ensure the ember is pulled into the notch and dropped back to the nest in your forward motion.
- When that nest lights up, blow air gently to get that fire going.
3. Stone and steel
- Make a tinder nest.
- Hold the striker on your dominant hand and steel on the other.
- Hold the steel steadily to prevent the rod from moving.
- Strike down the length of the steel rod in single smooth movements.
- Blow on the ember to keep the fire alive.
4. Sunlight magnification
This is probably the easiest way to get a fire going in the wild.
- It would help if you had a magnifying lens; you can also use a clear plastic bag filled with water.
- Concentrate the light onto a single tiny spot on your tinder until smoke appears and the ember lights up.
- Blow gently to nurture the flame and get your fire going.
This method is easy to apply, but its major drawback is that the conditions have to be right, meaning it’s only applicable on a sunny day at a time when the sunlight is at its brightest.
5. Use of battery and steel wool
- Make a tinder nest out of dry plant materials such as grass, small sticks, and bark.
- Take a battery and locate its terminals; the higher the voltage, the quicker it will ignite.
- Rub some steel wool onto the battery terminal, and as the current passes through the steel wool, it overheats, creating a spark which in turn ignites to a fire.
- Blow air gently on the steel wool to nurture the flame.
- Transfer the lit up steel wool to your tinder nest, blow until the tinder nets ignite.
- Increasingly start to add larger and fat wood until the fire is self-sufficient.
6. Use of flint and magnesium
If you are a survivor fan, you are well acquitted with what this method of fire-making entails. Basically, it involves:
- Gather some tinder and scrape some sufficient magnesium on the tinder.
- Use the flint to get a spark, accomplish by using striking steel on the flint.
- Once the magnesium gets ignited, so will the tinder, thus creating an ember.
- Blow gently and place small twigs over the ember until they are lit up.
- Gradually add larger and larger twigs. Eventually, you will have a full going fire in no time.
7. Use of a bow drill
- Of all friction-based ways you can start a fire, this is probably the most effective since it makes it easier to maintain both the speed and pressure to ignite that spark needed to light up your tinder.
- Take a socket; this is used to apply pressure on the spindle as you rotate the bow. The socket should generally be something hard, a rock or a hardwood, preferably with sap or oil will do.
- Make a bow, string on a flexible piece of wood; the string can be anything from a shoelace to rawhide as long as it can withstand the pressure without breaking.
- Indent, a V-shaped notch on your fireboard to create a depression to hold your tinder.
- Loop the bowstring on your spindle and place the spindle’s pointed end on the notch and apply pressure on the socket.
- Using your bow motion the bow in such a manner similar to sawing, the spindle should now rotate fast and repeatedly until you create an ember.
- Transfer your ember to your tinder nest and blow gently to get your fire going.
8. Using ice
Fire from ice sounds insane, but it’s possible. The mechanism used to achieve this is similar to that of lenses in that;
- Take a clear piece of ice and shape it into a thicker convex shape at the middle and thinner at the edges.
- Polish your ice using heat emitting from your hands to melt the ice slightly to form this nice smooth polished surface.
- Concentrate sunlight through your ice on to a single point on your tinder to create an ember.
The above may come in handy if you ever find yourself in a situation where you are to use your ingenuity to start a fire, and for whatever reason, be it, to keep warm, cook, or ward off animals, you’ll be well versed on how to go about it.